Description and Location of the Liver

The liver is the largest internal organ and is located under your ribs. The liver receives its blood supply from two sources: the hepatic artery (25%) which delivers oxygen-rich blood, and the portal vein (75%) which supplies nutrient-rich blood from the intestinal tract.
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Role of the Liver

The liver has many important functions, such as:
  • Production of many vital substances required by the body including:4,6-8
    • Cholesterol
    • Bile
    • Nucleic acids (DNA [deoxyribonucleic acid] and RNA [ribonucleic acid])
    • Proteins
  • Metabolism of carbohydrates6,7,9
  • Metabolism of proteins6,7,9
  • Storage of vitamins and minerals7
  • Filtration and breakdown of toxic waste in the blood.4,7